5 Types Of Couples’ Therapy

Different types of couples’ therapy available for you.

Therapy 10th Jun, 2021

Whether you want to develop intimacy, improve communication, rebuild trust after a betrayal, or learn to handle your differences as individuals, couples therapy may be a great tool. Couples therapy has been present since the 1930s, but it didn’t acquire popularity until the 1980s. There are many different ways to couples counseling, and experts believe that deciding which one is best for you will ultimately rely on your relationship’s goals. Here are some of the most prevalent types of couples counseling and how to choose the perfect one for you.

1. The Gottman Technique:

It is a method developed by Dr. John Gottman and Julie Gottman. It is based on 40 years of empirical research into behaviour patterns in successful and unsuccessful relationships. The Gottman technique focuses on harmful behaviours like “the four horsemen”: Criticism, Contempt, Defensiveness, and Stonewalling. The following are some of the areas where the couple should concentrate their efforts:

  • Sharing information about past relationships
  • Examining issues of contention
  • Identifying different types of triggers
  • Identifying shared ideals
  • acquiring special conflict-resolution tools

According to a 2018 study, after undergoing 10 sessions of Gottman’s couples therapy, couples scored much higher in closeness and overall relationship quality.

2. Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy:

CBT, which was initially developed to address anxiety, depression, substance misuse, and eating disorders, is based on the idea that your thoughts impact your behaviours. A CBT therapist will first try to figure out what each spouse is thinking about the issues that brought them to couples counseling. To help each partner develop better communication methods, one’s beliefs should be questioned. CBT has been demonstrated to be helpful in the treatment of communication issues and conflict resolution in studies.

3. Discernment Counseling:

Discernment counseling was created in 2008 for couples in dispute. Typically, one partner wants to save the relationship while the other wants to end it. When ambivalence prevents both partners from fully engaging in and reaping the advantages of couples’ therapy, this short-term strategy is designed to bring clarity. According to experts, one of the critical purposes of discernment counseling is to assist the couple in discovering all of their options. This is important so that couples don’t make the wrong decision about the relationship’s future ahead of time.  

4. Emotion-Focused Therapy:

Emotion-focused therapy, which was created in the 1980s, is one of the most researched and tested methods of couples therapy. The therapist would usually ask each partner to discuss particular troubling incidents from their relationship. After that, they can begin to discover, analyze, and make sense of the underlying emotions contributing to those situations. When people become mired in anger, resentment, or indifference, it can be difficult for them to face their most vulnerable feelings. They can understand the unmet needs that these more profound emotions aid to expose when they can access deeper emotions like grief, hurt, or fear.

5. Imago Relationship Therapy:

The Imago technique considers a couple’s issues to result from unmet childhood needs and unhealed scars that subsequently manifest as sensitivities, conflicts, or pain points in adult relationships. The basis of Imago therapy is that each couple has particular formative experiences that shaped their opinions on what a relationship should be like. The idea is to bring these images into consciousness so that you can recognise unpleasant thoughts, attitudes, and behaviours. That will help you to better understand how your early experiences influence how you treat your relationship. 

Choose the method that better fits your relationship’s status. With couples’ therapy you can save a failing relationship or strengthen a great one. Try it to discover new ways to improve your connection with your partner.

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