The progress of the LGBT movement has never been a smooth journey.
Sexuality 27th May, 2022
Table of Contents
The progress of the LGBT movement has never been a smooth journey. The founding of the Society for Human Rights in 1924 was the first-ever documented gay rights organisation in the U.S.
Almost a century after, the movement has made huge strides despite being marred with thousands of obstacles.
Several pro-LGBT laws have been passed throughout the years in several countries. Society, as a whole, has been more inclusive, as well. In 2022, the community is now loud, proud, and free– as they deserve to be!
Step by step, the people are painting the world with rainbow colours. While more and more people are freely coming out of the closet, let’s find out how big the LGBT community is now!
What does LGBT stand for?
People often use the term LGBT, but some expand it to LGBTQ, LGBTQIA, or even LGBTQIA+! All of these are acceptable.
In this blog, we will simply use the term LGBT, which stands for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender. These terms are used to describe people’s sexual orientation or gender identity.
The majority of the population is confused about the difference between sexual orientation and gender identity. So if you’re one of those people, that’s perfectly valid!
Firstly, sexual orientation is about who the person is attracted to romantically, emotionally, and sexually. Secondly, gender identity is about who you are and not about one’s preference – male, female, genderqueer, etc.
Gays or homosexuals are attracted to people of the same gender, and this is often used for men. On the other hand, lesbian is used for women who prefer other women.
Additionally, bisexuals are those who are attracted to both men and women. Lastly, transgender people are those whose assigned sex at birth is different from the gender they identify with.
It is important to note that there are more to the L-G-B-T; there are pansexuals, asexuals, demisexuals, and heterosexuals, among many others!
How Big is the Community?
Since society is becoming significantly more welcoming to members of the LGBT movement, a lot more feel safer coming out and expressing who they truly are.
However, multiple countries still see homosexuality as a sin and consider it a crime; hence, it is crucial to learn more about the community, advocacy, and the movement.
Here are interesting statistics about the LGBT community:1,2
- According to the LGBT+ Pride 2021 Global Survey that is implemented in 27 countries, 4% of Gen Z, 2% of Millennials, 1% of Gen X, and less than 1% of Boomers identify themselves as either transgender, non-binary, non-conforming, gender-fluid, or in a way other than male or female.
- The same global survey reported that one in 10 people are primarily attracted to people of the opposite sex.
- Approximately 80% of the survey respondents identify themselves as heterosexuals – people attracted to the opposite sex.
- In the same survey, 3% identified as gay, lesbian, or homosexual; 5% as bisexual; 1% as pansexual or omnisexual; 1% asexual; 11% don’t know or won’t say; and 1% as others.
- On a global scale, males tend to identify themselves as gay or homosexual (4%) more than women as lesbian or homosexuals (1%).
- Gen Z (4%) and Millennials (3%) are also more likely to identify as homosexuals as compared to Gen X (2%) and Boomers (1%).
- Young adults have a higher chance of expressing that they are equally attracted to both sexes.
How do LGBT Members Fare in Different Countries?
While the LGBT community has won many battles, especially in the legislative arena, and has made society more inclusive, loving, and welcoming.
There are still other countries that see homosexuality as a sin. So let’s take a deep dive into different countries’ treatment of queer people.
Here are interesting statistics about the LGBT members in different countries:3,4,5,6
- As of October of 2021, there are 30 countries worldwide where same-sex marriage is legal.
- 17 countries in Europe, 9 in America, 3 in Asia and Oceana, and 1 in Africa that legalised same-sex marriage.
- In Australia, Great Britain, Belgium, and the Netherlands, 8-9% of the 2021 survey identified as heterosexuals.
- While other countries are inclusive of queers, 71 countries still criminalise homosexuality until now.
- Out of these 71 countries, 11 countries still impose either the death penalty or at least a possibility for private, consensual same-sex sexual activity on homosexuals.
- On the other hand, 15 jurisdictions criminalise gender identity and/or expression of transgender people by crafting laws against ‘cross-dressing, ‘impersonation’, and ‘disguise’.
- In South Africa and India, where homosexuality was largely frowned upon, the acceptance of homosexuality increased by 22% points between 2013 and 2019.
- 56 countries have experienced a significant increase in acceptance of homosexuality since 1981.
- On the other hand, 62 countries and locations did not have any change in acceptance of homosexuality.
- 94% of survey respondents from Sweden believe that homosexuality should be accepted by society in terms of acceptance.
- Western Europe countries, Canada, and Australia have the highest recognition of homosexuality at over 80%, respectively.
What is the state of health and welfare of LGBTs?
Even today, it’s tough to be loud and proud about one’s sexual orientation and gender identity. Queers experience too much discrimination and bullying, especially LGBT youth.
Some forms of discrimination and hate towards the community often go as horrendous as harassment, abuse, and extreme violence. This is why the community, together with other LGBT allies, continues to fight for equality, love, and justice.
Here are interesting statistics about the health and welfare of LGBTs:7,8
- More than 50% of places in the world do not have workplace laws on discrimination against LGBT people.
- Most governments oppose trans people’s right to legally challenge their right to change their name and gender.
- Approximately ¼ of the world’s total population believes that being queer should be a crime.
- In the United Kingdom, 42% of LGBT school students have been bullied in the past years. This number is twice the number of non-LGBT pupils (21%).
- The top physical health issues for lesbians are heart disease, cancers, fitness, obesity, and injury/violence. The principal problems are mental health, suicide, and substance abuse in terms of mental health.
- The top physical health issues for gay men are heart disease, cancer, injury/violence, and fitness. In terms of mental health, the top issues are also mental health, suicide, and substance abuse. Additionally, in sexual health, the top issues are HIV/AIDS, other infections, HPV, and Hepatitis.
- The top physical health issues for bisexual men and women are heart disease, cancer, fitness, obesity, injury/violence, and testing behaviour. For sexual health, it shows that bisexual women are more likely to report higher risk sexual behaviours than heterosexual women.
On the other end of the coin, bisexual men are said to have less risky sexual behaviours with males but are more likely to have sex with female sex workers and have anal sex with women. For behavioural health, the top issues are still mental health, suicide, and substance abuse.
- The top physical health issues for transgender people are injury and violence. As for behavioural health, suicide, mental health, and substance abuse are the leading issues. In terms of sexual health, HIV/AIDS and other infections are the major problems.
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